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Public Health

Where To Get Free Narcan and How To Use It

Written by Sarah Holtz, Maryann Jones ThompsonVideo by Mike Kuba, Sophie BearmanResearch by Shelley D. FargoPublished Dec. 09, 2022 • 4:33pm
Narcan as displayed in The Standard’s photo studio on Dec. 9, 2022. | Mike Kuba/The Standard

English

Everyone knows fentanyl can cause an overdose—and most know Narcan, can reverse one. But few know how easy it is to use—and how easy it is to get for free.

Sadly, if you live or work in areas where people suffer from drug abuse or lack of housing, you might have the opportunity to save a life by carrying Narcan—the brand name of the drug naloxone— in your bag and administering it before emergency personnel arrives.

Between the ongoing fentanyl overdose crisis, a recently reported possible overdose threatening a baby’s life at a San Francisco playground and the stress of the holidays around the corner, studying up on overdose prevention measures may be more vital than ever. 

Drawing from organizations like the National Harm Reduction Coalition and its San Francisco affiliate, the D.O.P.E. Project, we’ve put together a guide to naloxone, the overdose reversal drug—what it is, how to use it and where to find it throughout the Bay Area. 

For many SF locals, knowing how to use Narcan might be more important than knowing CPR.

First, What is Narcan?

Narcan is a simple-to-use nasal spray device used to deploy naloxone to reverse an opioid overdose—not a syringe or an EpiPen or any other kind of shot. Naloxone is an “opioid antagonist,” meaning it effectively blocks our opioid receptors. Similar to the way people say “Kleenex” for “tissue” or “Xerox” for “photocopy,” Narcan has become the colloquial term for naloxone. But Narcan is actually the brand name of the dispenser; naloxone is the drug. 

Narcan instructions as displayed in The Standard’s photo studio on Dec. 9, 2022. | Sophie Bearman/The Standard

A standard issue box of naloxone contains two sprays. Each one contains one dose of medicine and cannot be reused. You can carry it around in a backpack or your car for years as long as you avoid exposure to extreme hot or cold temperatures. 

How To Spot an Overdose 

If you suspect someone is overdosing, Narcan can save their life. If someone is unconscious but not overdosing, Narcan will not hurt them.

But it can be difficult to recognize whether someone is sleeping, high or actually overdosing—even emergency professionals have trouble.

The main sign to look for in an overdose is a lack of breathing. Victims of overdose are very still. They might exhibit shallow breathing or even snoring or gurgling sounds coming from their mouth. Additionally, the color may be draining from their skin or lips, leaving them blue, purple or ashen. If their eyes are open, they might have “pinpoint pupils.”

What To Do Before Using Narcan

If you suspect an overdose, try to get a reaction from the person. The D.O.P.E. Project recommends first administering “verbal Narcan” by calling out to them with something like, “Hey, I think you’re overdosing. If you don’t wake up, I’m going to Narcan you.” If the person doesn’t want it, they’ll wake up and tell you.

If they don’t react, one expert recommended lightly kicking the bottom of their foot or rustling their elbow to start. If there’s no movement, rub their sternum somewhat vigorously. If there is still no reaction, it is time to call 911 and get your Narcan. 

Importantly, people administering Narcan should be aware that the person you help will likely be startled and disoriented when they wake up. Naloxone is tremendously effective because it sends the victim into immediate withdrawal, which is extremely traumatizing and painful. “They do get agitated,” one healthcare worker said, but not violent. 

“Nobody who’s given [Narcan] has regretted it,” she added.

How To Use Narcan

If the victim does not appear to be breathing and is not reacting when you try to rouse them, follow these steps.

Step 1: Call 911 and leave the phone on speaker.

Step 2: Lay the person on their back. Support their neck with your hand.

Step 3: Spray the entire dose of Narcan into one nostril and look for signs of breathing. Narcan can take 2-3 minutes to work.

If the victim wakes up:

Tell them what happened. “Friend, you were overdosing. Everything is OK.” The person will be disoriented. Give them some space and gently start talking to them, welcoming them back into consciousness. Stay with the person until medical professionals arrive, as naloxone wears off as soon as 30 minutes after a dose and victims can resume overdosing if it wears off. 

If the victim doesn’t wake up:

Spray the second dose of Narcan in the opposite nostril. Some overdose cases will require 4-6 sprays of naloxone to revive the victim. Administer rescue breathing and CPR if you have been trained. Turn the person on their side to prevent choking and stay until medical professionals arrive, if possible. 

If you can provide rescue breathing to the victim, do it. An overdose happens because the drug slows the body’s functions to a point where breathing stops. If you can help the victim breathe through rescue breathing or chest compressions while waiting for the naloxone to take effect, it could have a big impact. For a complete orientation to administering Narcan, watch this short video from the D.O.P.E. Project on YouTube.

Where To Get Free Narcan

If you feel that you could potentially assist an overdose victim someday, it is important to get Narcan to keep on hand. Locals who work in hard-hit areas often carry it with them in their cars or bags.  

It’s very easy to find, and widely available for free. All Bay Area Walgreens and CVS pharmacies carry Narcan—no prescription necessary. The drug is covered by Medi-Cal, Medicare and other medical insurance companies. 

But without insurance, Narcan’s retail price is $150. That’s why there are so many free sources of naloxone around the SF Bay Area.  

San Francisco Department of Public Health recommends that the general public visit the Community Behavioral Health Services Pharmacy, as other free resources prioritize communities that are most vulnerable to drug overdoses. 

California residents can order naloxone for free online from the nonprofit End Overdose. You only need to pay for shipping to your door. 

Check the map to see where you can find Narcan for free near you and scroll down below the map for a listing of organizations that can help. 

Where To Get Free Narcan in San Francisco and the Bay Area 

San Francisco


Community Behavioral Health Services Pharmacy

SoMa

📍 1380 Howard St.
🕑 Mon.-Fri.: 9 a.m.-3:30 p.m. | Sat.-Sun.: 9 a.m.-4:30 p.m.
☎️ (415) 255-3659
🔗 sfdph.org/dph/comupg/oservices/mentalhlth/cbhs

The SF Department of Public Health runs this pharmacy and recommends those outside the at-risk community come here for Narcan. 

Bayview Hunters Point Foundation

Bayview-Hunters Point 

📍 1625 Carroll Ave.
🕑 Mon.-Fr.i: 6 a.m.-2 p.m.
☎️ (415) 468-5100
🔗 bayviewci.org

Harm Reduction Therapy Center’s Mobile Sites

Bayview-Hunters Point | The Mission | SoMa | The Tenderloin

📍 Various locations
🕑 Fri.: 11 a.m.- 2:30 p.m. | Wed.: 2:30-5 p.m. | Wed.: 11 a.m.-1:30 p.m., Thurs.: 1-3:30 p.m.
☎️ (415) 863-4282
🔗 harmreductiontherapy.org

SF AIDS Foundation Mobile Sites

Bayview-Hunters Point | The Castro | The Mission | Polk Gulch

📍Various locations
🕑 Mon.: 4-6 p.m. | Tues.: 4-6 p.m. | Wed.: 6-8 p.m., Fri.: 7-9 p.m. | Thurs.: 7-9 p.m.
☎️ (415) 487-3000
🔗 sfaf.org/locations/mobile-syringe-health-services
Look for the big white van.

Homeless Youth Alliance

Haight-Ashbury

📍 1572 Haight St.
🕑 Mon., Wed., Fri.: 5:30-7:30 p.m.
☎️ (415) 318-6384
🔗 homelessyouthalliance.org

Lyon-Martin Community Health Services

The Mission

📍 1735 Mission St.
🕑 Tues.: 5-7:30 p.m.
☎️ (415) 565-7667
🔗 lyon-martin.org

Glide Harm Reduction Services 

The Tenderloin

📍 330 Ellis St.
🕑 Mon., Tues., Fri.: 9 a.m.-1 p.m.
☎️ (415) 674-5180
🔗 glide.org/programs/hiv-hep-c-and-harm-reduction-services

Hospitality House Self-Help Centers

SoMa | The Tenderloin

📍 169 Sixth St. | 146 Leavenworth St.
🕑 Mon.-Fri.: 9 a.m.-8 p.m. | Mon.-Fri.: 7 a.m.-7 p.m.
☎️ (415) 369-3040
🔗 hospitalityhouse.org/sixth-street-self-help-center

SF AIDS Foundation 6th Street Harm Reduction Center

SoMa 

📍 117 Sixth St.
🕑 Mon.-Fri.: 11 a.m.-7 p.m.
☎️ (415) 487-3000
🔗 sfaf.org/services/overdose-prevention/
They also provide trainings.

San Francisco Community Health Center

The Tenderloin

📍730 Polk St.
🕑 Mon.-Fri.: 9:30 a.m.-12 p.m., 1-4:30 p.m.
☎️ (415) 292-3400
🔗 sfcommunityhealth.org

St. James Infirmary

The Tenderloin

📍 234 Eddy St.
🕑 Fri.: 6-9 p.m.
☎️ (415) 554-8494
🔗 stjamesinfirmary.org

Tom Waddell Urban Health Clinic

The Tenderloin

📍 230 Golden Gate Ave.
🕑 Mon.-Fri.: 8 a.m.-5 p.m.
☎️ (415) 355-7400
🔗 sf.gov/location/tom-waddell-urban-health-clinic


East Bay


Needle Exchange Emergency Distribution (N.E.E.D.) 

Berkeley

📍 3124 Shattuck Ave. | 1007 University Ave. | 2328 Durant Ave.
🕑 Tues.: 6-8 p.m. | Thurs.: 4-6 p.m. | Sun.: 6-8 p.m.
☎️ (510) 463-1843
🔗 berkeleyneed.org
They also provide trainings.

Alameda County Health Care for the Homeless Program

Downtown Oakland

📍 1404 Franklin St. #200
🕑 30-minute online training twice per week. Naloxone pickup after training is complete.
☎️ (510) 891-8950
🔗 achch.org/opioid-overdose-responder–naloxone-training.html

HEPPAC Drop-In Center 

East Oakland

📍 5323 Foothill Blvd.
🕑 Tues.-Fri.: 10 a.m.-1:30 p.m.
☎️ (510) 434-0307
🔗 heppac.org
They also provide trainings.

Punks With Lunch

West Oakland

📍 3566 Peralta St.
🕑 Schedule varies
☎️ (510) 502-2833
🔗 instagram.com/west.oakland.punks.with.lunch
They also provide trainings.

John Muir Medical Center Emergency Room

Concord | Walnut Creek 

📍 2540 East St. | 1601 Ygnacio Valley Rd.
🕑 24/7
☎️ (925) 334-0352
🔗 johnmuirhealth.com/locations


North Bay


The Spahr Center 

Fairfax | Novato | San Rafael | Sausalito

📍Various sites
🕑 Mon.: 1-3 p.m., 5:30-7:30 p.m. | Wed.: 11 a.m.-3 p.m., 5:30-7 p.m. | Thurs.: 1-3 p.m. | Fri.: 10 a.m.-12 p.m., 5:30-7:30 p.m.
☎️ (707) 824-3398
🔗 thespahrcenter.org

West County Health Centers Third Street House

Guerneville

📍16312 Third St.
🕑 Mon.-Fri.: 9 a.m.-5 p.m.
☎️ (707) 824-3398
🔗 wchealth.org

Center Point Drug Abuse Alternatives Center

Santa Rosa

📍2403 Professional Drive
🕑 Mon-Fri: 11 a.m.-1:30 p.m.
☎️ (707) 526-2999
🔗 daacinfo.org

Face to Face/Sonoma County AIDS Network 

Santa Rosa

📍873 Second St.
🕑 Tue-Fri: 9 a.m.-4:30 p.m.
☎️ (707) 544-1581
🔗 f2f.org


South Bay


Santa Clara County Harm Reduction Program

Gilroy | San Jose 

📍Various sites
🕑 Mon.: 1:30-3:30 p.m. | Tues.: 1-3, 5-7 p.m. | Wed.: 9 a.m.-5 p.m. | Fri.: 9:30-11:30 a.m., 2-4 p.m.
☎️ (408) 792-3729
🔗 sccnex.org

English

Sarah Holtz can be reached at [email protected]
Maryann Jones Thompson can be reached at [email protected]


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